Household Asset Portfolios and the Reform of the Housing Finance Market

Andrew Caplin, New York University, Sewin Chan, Rutgers University, Charles Freeman, Chase Manhattan Mortgage Company and Joseph Tracy, Federal Reserve Bank of New York 

February 1999 | Issue # 59

When individuals or families make retirement planning decisions, including asset allocation choices, it is important for them to consider how all of the assets they own fit together to form an overall portfolio of house-hold wealth. Surprisingly often, one of the most important household assets is left out of retirement planning discussions completely: the family home.

This issue of Research Dialogue examines in detail the central role that residential housing plays in household asset portfolios in the United States. Currently, families don’t have much choice regarding the amount of wealth they must “allocate” to their home: either they own their residence or they do not. This stark choice generally leaves homeowners overexposed to significant financial risks that most would prefer not to take. The authors of this article describe financial innovations that, if developed and adopted, would provide families far greater choice regarding how much to invest in a home. The authors show that this greater flexibility could lead to as much as 20% greater wealth at retirement through better diversification of the wealth that homeowners currently must hold in the form of housing.

This article was prepared for Research Dialogue by Andrew Caplin, professor, New York University Department of Economics; Sewin Chan, assistant professor, Rutgers University Department of Economics; Charles Freeman, vice president, Chase Manhattan Mortgage Company; and Joseph Tracy, senior economist, Federal Reserve Bank of New York. It summarizes many of the themes that are discussed in detail in their recent book, Housing Partnerships (1997).

© 2014 and prior years, Teachers Insurance and Annuity Association - College Retirement Equities Fund (TIAA-CREF), New York, NY 10017